The Faculty of Agriculture Unib was established in 1982. For four decades of its existence, the implementation of agriculture in higher education has been very relatable with the agricultural development at the local (Bengkulu Province), regional (Sumatra Island), and National levels. At the beginning of its establishment, the initial concept was to manage the natural resources. This initial concept adopted the concept of the Schools of Natural Resources, for instance, the universities in America which have study programs that provide education related to renewable natural resources: agriculture, forestry, fisheries, animal husbandry, and other agricultural technologies.

The Faculty of Agriculture Unib has various majors with different branches of science. This concept is also based on the fact that Bengkulu, in particular, and Sumatra generally rely on natural resources in their economic development. The higher education in agriculture organized by the Faculty of Agriculture Unib actively supports agricultural development, including food crop farming, plantations, animal husbandry, fisheries, marine, forestry, and agro-industrial technologies.

The macro and micro environments influence the establishment of the study programs at the Faculty of Agriculture. The macro environment is the politics and policy, economic, social, cultural, scientific, and technological developments that influence the purposes of higher education. Additionally, on a micro basis, the formation of study programs is also influenced by the development of the graduates’ users and the needs of the business/industry, the job market, the similar study programs at other universities, student candidates, lecturer resources, e-learning and remote education, open courseware, etc. These environments led to the formation of study programs at the Faculty of Agriculture Unib over the last 40 years.